Monday, November 7, 2011

Tariff Elektrik nak naik lagi?



Tenaga Nasional Bhd (TNB) dilaporkan menghadapi masalah aliran tunai yang gawat dan bergelut untuk membayar kos tinggi bahan api alternatif.


Menurut laporan akhbar the Star hari ini, keadaan itu disebabkan kekurangan bekalan gas yang berlaku kali ini pada skala yang lebih besar.

Terdapat cadangan bagi kos berkenaan dikongsi bersama berdasarkan pengalaman sebelum ini pada tahun 2002, iaitu pada nisbah 40:30:30, yang akan ditanggung oleh pembekal gas Petroliam Nasional Bhd (Petronas), TNB sendiri dan pengeluar tenaga bebas (IPP). Namun pihak-pihak tertentu memilih mengabaikannya.

Menurut the Star, TNB mendakwa firma utiliti gergasi itu tidak lagi mampu untuk membayar manakala IPP pula berpendirian bukan tanggungjawab mereka untuk membayar.

Sementara itu, Petronas berkata bahawa sehingga Ogos tahun ini, ia telah membayar RM143.4bil bagi perbezaan harga. Daripada jumlah itu, RM103.2bil dibayar bagi membekalkan gas kepada sektor kuasa itu.

tenaga nasional and electricity 031208Bagaimanapun, laporan itu tidak menyebut sama ada kenaikkan kos itu akan mengakibatkan kenaikkan harga tarif elektrik.

Kali terakhir, krajaan persekutuan menaikkan tarif elektrik ialah pada 1 Jun lalu dengan purata 7.12 peratus. Tindakan itu sebagai sebahagian daripada pengurangan subsidi.

Bayar RM400 juta sebulan

Menteri Tenaga, Teknologi Hijau dan Air Datuk Peter Chin (bawah, kiri) juga pada Mei tahun ini pernah berkata kerajaan pada dasarnya telah bersetuju mematuhi mekanisma 'Fuel Cost Pass Through' (FCPT) yang akan menentukan kadar tarif pada masa hadapan.

Ini bermakna tarif elektrik di negara ini akan dinaikkan setiap enam bulan bagi tahun-tahun berikut supaya selaras dengan kenaikan harga gas asli yang dijual Petronas kepada pengeluar tenaga.

The Star juga melaporkan agensi penyelidikan seperti Maybank Investment Bank (IB) Research menjangkakan aliran tunai TNB akan kehabisan pada suku ketiga atau keempat tahun kewangannya.

TNB dikatakan membayar RM400 juta sebulan bagi perbezaan harga antara menggunakan sulingan petroleum dan gas sebagai bahan api.

Pada Oktober lalu, TNB mengumumkan syarikat itu mencatat kerugian bersih RM453.9 juta pada suku keempat berakhir 31 Ogos 2011 berbanding kerugian bersih RM440.2 juta pada suku sebelumnya.

Bagi setahun penuh, syarikat tenaga nasional itu mencatat RM499.5 juta keuntungan bersih berbanding RM3.2 bilion pada tahun kewangan sebelumnya, sebahagian besarnya hasil daripada kos bahan api yang tinggi.

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High cost of alternative fuels draining utility’s money

PETALING JAYA: The situation confronting the power sector is becoming more convoluted by the day.

Tenaga Nasional Bhd (TNB) is crying foul over its cash running out as it struggles to pay for the high cost of alternative fuels.

This follows another gas supply shortage occurring this time on a larger scale.

There were suggestions of cost-sharing, based on the previous experience in 2002, on a ratio of 40:30:30, to be borne by the gas supplier Petroliam Nasional Bhd (Petronas), TNB itself and the independent power producers (IPPs). But that seems to have fallen on deaf ears.

While TNB says it is no longer able to pay, the IPPs are saying there is obligation to pay. Meanwhile, Petronas says that up to August this year, it has already paid RM143.4bil in price differential, out of which RM103.2bil was for gas supplied to the power sector.

Back in 2002, the country also experienced a gas supply shortage albeit on a smaller scale. The IPPs were forced to pay back based on the ratio of payment.

“In those days, the perception was that IPPs made a lot of money at the expense of TNB,'' an analyst said, adding that the current situation was looking worse than before. “Now, the first generation IPPs are about to expire in 2015, so there is no need to squeeze them further.''

TNB is said to be paying RM400mil per month on the price differential between using distillates and gas as fuel.

Research houses like Maybank Investment Bank (IB) Research are projecting that TNB's cash will run out in three to four quarters.

“The IPPs are just offtakers of gas from TNB,'' said an analyst with a bank-backed brokerage. “The negotiations on gas prices are between TNB, Petronas and the Energy Commission. The shortage is so acute, with supply of less than 1,000 million std cu ft per day (mmscfd), this time. Due to the usage of distillates and oil, there is faster wear and tear. So the IPPs are also unhappy.''

The analyst suggested that TNB and Petronas each foot half of the bill as it was within its (TNB) right to ask Petronas to bear the cost.

“The Economic Planning Unit had given the undertaking that TNB gets a certain amount of gas (1,250 mmscfd) from 2009 to 2011, and the power structure was based on that understanding.

“By right, the Government has to pay the difference and TNB should be able to claim from Petronas,'' said the analyst.

A source told StarBiz that the matter related to payment by the IPPs did not arise anymore, especially since TNB and the IPPs came together to issue a joint letter to Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak last week.

Moreover, TNB did not seem to be pursuing the matter with the IPPs anymore, the source said.

“The Government can raise tariffs, provide a subsidy to TNB and ask Petronas to pay for the gas shortfall. However, for TNB to make a cash call or do a rights issue to service working capital is a sure sign that things are not looking good.

“As a monopoly company, they should not be making a cash call for working capital. The Government should take over the extra cost,'' said the analyst from Maybank IB Research.

The Star

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